THE BATTLE OF SARATOGA
The Battle of Saratoga is said to be the biggest turning point in the
Revolutionary War. The battle showed the world that the young American army
was an effective fighting force. It could beat highly trained British troops
in a major battle. As a result of this great battle, the European powers
were interested in the cause of the Americans and began to support them.
In the British Campaign of 1777, Major General
Burgoyne planned a march of the three troops to meet in Albany, New
York. He led the main troop, which moved southward along the Hudson River.
A second troop lead by General Barry St. Leger would serve as a different
attack, moving eastward from Canada along the Mohawk River. General Howe
would direct the third plan of the attack. According to the plan, Howe would
direct General Henry Clinton to move northward along the Hudson River and
meet up with Burgoyne in Albany. The goal of this plan was to seperate and
destroy the main forces of New England.
In a try to slow down the British from going forward, the American General
Philip Schuyler separated 1,000 men under the order of Major General Benedict
The Battle of Freeman's Farm, the first
battle in the Battle of Saratoga, was an unsure battle fought September
19, 1777 in which Gates lost ground to the British. The Battle of Bemis
Heights was the second battle in the Battle of Saratoga, taking place October
7th when Burgoyne urgently attacked rebel defenses with his tired, wrecked
army. However, Arnold saw a chance to beat the attacking army while Burgoyne
was wounded and led a counterattack. This bold move so badly wounded the
British forces that Burgoyne surrendered days later at Saratoga.