Christianity was a major influence during the middle ages. The Christian belief of charity and concern for the informed led to many hospitals being opened. Many monasteries maintained these institutions. It wasn't until the late Middle Ages that finer hospitals were built by the Knights of St. John.
True scientific investigation was often inhibited during this time due to Christianity's belief that disease was though of as supernatural and was cured by religious means. Most scientific manuscripts (which were consistent with religious thought of the day) were kept by priest and brothers of various monasteries.
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