music that supports musicians while they perform.
the air that is blown through an instrument. It is called a column because it conforms to the shape of the instrument (which is usually round).
the female voice with the lowest range
the male voice that is between the tenor and the bass
the male voice with the lowest range
the wooden stick with horsehair that is pulled across the string.
music performed by a small group (such as a string quartet) for small audiences
the musical scale, made up of 13 half steps to an octave
gradually playing music softer.
loudness and softness/expression
playing phrases of music louder or softer to convey a feeling in the music.
hard, black rubber. Clarinets are often made of this.
a small group of musicians. There are different kinds of ensembles: string, brass, and woodwind ensembles are just a few of them.
the part of a stringed instrument which the fingers press the strings against to vary the pitch.
an Italian word for "slide", meaning sliding up and down a series of notes very quickly.
keeper of music
the person responsible for the music played in the royal courts in Europe that they were serving in.
the note named "C" nearest the center of the piano (it is the 32nd white key from the right, beginning with the high notes.)
playing music in such a way that it blends and carries the musical feeling to the end of the phrase.
a device that can be attached to an instrument to make the sound softer. Mainly used in brass instruments.
a wind instrument ranging from soprano to bass that look a little like a whistle. It has eight finer holes
a note that is one-half higher in pitch than another note
playing alone, as a featured musician
the female voice, or the instrument, with the highest range
short, quick notes
playing more than 1 string at a time (used with guitars)
the male voice, or instrument, with the highest range
the third note of an ascending diatonic scale, which means to go up 2 whole notes. If you play C and E, you have a third.
a distinct musical sound that you can identify
transposeto change music written in one key to another key. Sometimes musicians need to do this while they are playing.
vibratemove back and forth rapidly
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