Mt.Everest is in the Himalayas. The Himalayas are a mountain range in Asia. The Himalayas were formed over 30 to 50 million years ago. Scientists believe they were formed by India's continental plate crashing into the Eurasian continental plate. Because the two plates were pressing together it forced land to rise which formed the Himalayas. They rose from the Tethys Sea. The Himalayas border northern India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Myanmar. The Himalayas reach 320 to 400 km. wide and have up to 14 of the world's highest peaks. Among the peaks is Mount Everest, the world's highest mountain, which is 29,028 feet high. The two plates are still pressing together so Everest rises a few millimeters a year! Mount Everest could stay the highest peak for a long time because it is always rising.
Mt. Everest and the rest of the Himalayas influence the climate of India. The Himalayas shelter the Indian subcontinent from the cold air mass of Central Asia and effects the of monsoon and rainfall patterns. The elevation and location effect the climate of the Himalayas. The temperature of the subtropical southern foothills is around 86° F in the summer and around 64° F during the winter. The middle Himalayan valleys average summer temperatures of 77° F and cooler winters. The higher parts of the Himalayas average 59°F to 64°F and the winters are near freezing. Around 4880m in elevation the climate is always below freezing always covered in ice and snow. The western part of the Himalayan mountains is basically drier while the eastern part receives heavy rainfall.