Coral reefs provide
habitats for a large variety of plants and animals. These plants and animals
rely on corals as a source of food and shelter.
Sponges are found
inhabiting holes in the reef. They remove small chips from the coral.
These sponges, such as Cliona, cause deterioration in corals.
corals for the purpose of protection from predators.
Sea worms depend
on corals for food. They feed on corals such as Porites and Agaricia. Shrimps
and crabs depend on corals for shelter. Xantid crabs form hole in some
types of coral. Fish also depend on corals for protection against
predators. One such is the parrot fish. Sea stars are coral predators.
This crown-of-thorns starfish relies on corals for food.
There are many
other species of fungi, sponges, sea worms, crustaceans and mollusks that
bore into coral skeletons. Other organisms that inhabit the coral
reefs include sea urchins, jellyfish, oysters, clams, turtles, and sea