Time signature is found at the beginning of the piece next to the key signature. It looks like a fraction without a dividing bar such as or . The number on the bottom tells what type of note (half, quarter, eighth, etc…) gets a single beat, or count. The upper number tells how many of those notes are in a measure.

For example, a time signature of means there are three quarter notes per measure. It also means that there are three beats in a measure and a quarter note gets one beat.

Different music symbols represent the length of time that a note should last. When a note is held for one measure with a time signature of , it is called a whole note and is shown like this: . If the measure is split into two equal parts, a note that lasts for half of the measure is called a half note and is represented like this: . Finally, a measure divided into four equal parts is made up of quarter notes shown like this: and so on to the power of two.

 Name Note Symbol Fraction of measure # notes that fit in a measure Whole 1/1 1 = 20 Half 1/2 2 = 21 Quarter 1/4 4 = 22 Eighth 1/8 8 = 23 Sixteenth 1/16 16 = 24

A dot after any note increases the note's length by half. For example,

.   =  + =  dotted half note

= ½ + ( ½ of ½ )

= ½ + ¼ = 3/4 ( takes up ¾ of the measure )

=   + =  dotted quarter note

= ¼ + ( ½ of ¼ ) = ¼ + 1/8 = 3/8 ( takes up 3/8 of the measure )

What happens if you put a dot after the note?

It becomes 1 ½ times itself.

"Rest" is an interval of silence having a specified length.

Here is a rest table. It tells you the counts of varied rests.

 Name Rest Symbol Fraction of Measure # of rests that fit in Measure Whole 1/1 1 = 20 Half 1/2 2 = 21 Quarter 1/4 4 = 22 Eighth 1/8 8 = 23 Sixteenth 1/16 16 = 24

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