Born: January 4, 1643, near Grantham, Lincolnshire, England
Died: March 31, 1727 in London, England
father was the lord of the Woolsthorpe Manor near Grantham in
Lincolnshire. He died three months before his son was born. After
the death of her husband, Hannah Smith, Isaac’s mother,
remarried and moved to her new husband’s town. Isaac’s
grandmother stayed in Woolsthorpe Manor and took care of him. When
her second husband died, Hannah returned to Woolsthorpe and sent
Isaac to a grammar school in Grantham.
In 1661 (after graduating from grammar school at the head of his
class), Newton went to Trinity College at Cambridge University. The
colleges in the seventeenth century prepared men only for a career
in the church, in medicine, or as a scholar. At Trinity, Isaac
studied astronomy, mathematics, optics, and physics. He also read
the works of Johannes Kepler, Euclid, René Descartes, and
Galileo Galilei. While he was at Trinity, Newton developed the
binomial theorem. As a student, Newton was interested in the nature
of light. In 1665, Newton received his Bachelor of Arts degree.
During the Plague Years, Newton returned to Woolsthorpe in order to
escape the plague.
In his later years, Newton worked on fluxions, gravity, and
planetary motion. He became warden of the British mint and was
knighted by Queen Anne. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.