Kinds Of Beavers:
There are many kinds of beavers: the Scandinavian, Elbe, Rhone,
Polish, Ural, Mongolian, Canadian, Michigan, Newfoundland, Rio
Grande, and the golden-bellied. Beavers are the second largest
rodent. They are probably the best gnawing animal.
Beavers eat only plants. They eat poplar trees, carrots, cattail,
mushrooms, potatoes, berries, water plants, swamp wood, and fruit.
Soft bark is the main food for a beaver. Sometimes a beaver will sit
up on its legs and eat corn-on-the-cob style!
Predators, Dangers, and Defense:
Humans are the main enemies for beavers everywhere. In the north,
wolves are the main predator for the beaver. When a beaver is on land
looking for food it can be attacked by animals like: coyotes, lynx,
bobcats, mountain lions,wolverines, bears, and sometimes stray dogs.
Beavers are hard for an animal to kill because they can dodge into
one of their plunge holes. Sometimes a beaver will bite its enemy
with its sharp teeth and drag their enemy to the water to drown.
Sometimes a beaver will communicate with another beaver by making
a scent post. A scent post is a hill made out of mud and grass. They
communicate with them by putting musk-smelling oil from their castor
glands on the hill. The smell attracts beavers and other animals.
Some scent posts found have been 8 to 10 inches high and 10 to 12
inches around. The scent post does more than help them communicate,
it finds them a mate.