Prefix kilo hecto deka gram deci centi milli Abbreviation k h dk m d c m Example kilogram hectogram dekagram gram decigram centigram milligram Multiplier 1,000 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001

Mass is the amount of matter in an object. When you record mass the unit you use is grams. A medium sized leaf is about 1 gram, a potato chip 2 grams. A larger unit of mass is a kilogram. A kilogram is about the mass of a medium sized text book. You need a balance to find mass.

There are many kinds of balances. The type shown in the picture to the right is called a triple beam balance.

### Metric Conversion Table

• metric ton =1,000,000 grams
• kilogram =1,000 grams
• hectogram =100 grams
• decagram =10 grams
• decigram =0.1 grams
• centigram =0.01grams
• milligram =0.001 grams
• Mass Converter
MASS:
 Convert Kg Grams Pounds Ounces into Kg Grams Pounds Ounces =

The gram is the unit used to measure mass. Mass is a measure of the amount of matter in an object. Mass is different from weight. Weight is the measure of gravitational pull. Your weight on the moon is less because there is not a strong gravitational pull. Mass, on the other hand, is the same anywhere in the universe. Mass is measured with a balance. One balance is a double pan balance which works like a sea saw.

Matter

Mass is a measure of the amount of matter in an object. Both living and nonliving things are made up of matter. Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Most matter on earth exists in three states: liquids, solids, and gas. All matter is made up of tiny particles called atoms. An atom is the smallest unit of matter that can exist and still be recognized. You and all the things around you are made of matter.