Microbiology terms - V
- Artificial introduction of a killed or attenuated pathogen to promote
protective immunity. See vaccine.
- Material used to induce specific protective immunity against a pathogen.
- 1. A plasmid or virus used in genetic engineering to insert genes into a cell.
2. An agent, usually an insect or other animal, able to carry pathogens from
one host to another.
- Nonliving source of pathogens which infect large numbers of individuals;
common vehicles are food and water.
- Alive; able to reproduce.
- viable count
- Measurement of the concentration of live cells in a microbial population.
- 1. A curved, rod-shaped bacterial cell.
2. A bacterium of the genus Vibrio.
- A virus particle; the virus nucleic acid surrounded by protien coat and in
some cases other material.
- A small RNA molecule with virus-like properties.
- Degree of pathogenicity of a parasite.
- A genetic element containing either DNA or RNA that is able to alternate
between intracellular and extracellular states, the later being the infectious
Compiled by Tsute Chen, Converted by Ben Hoyt