The explosion spewed radioactive particles into the air. The first civilians to be hit by it were those right nearby, in neighboring cities, towns, and villages. Everything local from health to agriculture was effected by the radiation.
Many of those who survived the explosion will turn up with cancer some 20 years from the accident
Agriculture and Livestock Effects
Foods had to be banned that were considered contaminated
The agricultural effects will continue to last for many years after the health effects cease
Rural Population Effects
The areas of Russia that were affected most were the rural areas