GLOSSARY OF CHAOS TERMS Attractor- An attractor is a combination of two fixed points (ends), the area in between the two fixed points which an object moves in cycles, and everything else that happens. Bifurcation- The process of dividing into two parts. Butterfly Effect- Concept that if a butterfly flaps its wings in China, it will change the weather in New York. Chaos Theory- States that small changes can result in large differences, and that is an underlying order in all that surrounds us. Coast of Britain- Mandelbrot's theory on why the Coast of Britain can not be measured. Dynamical Systems- a changing system Feigenbaum- Scientist at Los Alamos, creator of Feigenbaum fractal. Fractal- a geometric figure which is self-similar to itself at different scales. Iteration- Taking the answer of an equation and feeding it back into the equation over and over again. Julia, Gaston- Scientist who was one of the forefathers of modern day chaos history. He is best remembered for his Julia set which he came up with in 1918. Julia Set- Equation which Gaston Julia came up with in 1918. Jupiter's Red Spot- A cloud formation on Jupiter that doesn't move due to constantly chaotic circling winds. Koch's Curve- Fractal image named after Herge Von Koch. Lorenz, Edward- Known as the "discoverer" of chaos theory. The "Butterfly Effect" is attributed to him. Mandelbrot, Benoit- Largely responsible for current interest in Fractal Geometry. Turned Julia's equations into beautiful pictures called fractals. Mandelbrot Set- Equation which Mandelbrot came up with in 1977; his work revived interest in Julia's work. Nonlinearity- Type of mathematical system that generally cannot be solved. Sensitivity to Initial Conditions- states that a small occurrence can cause large-scale changes. Sierpenski's Triangle- A basic, easy to make fractal. Strange Attractors- Mysterious things which cause oscillating (moving) objects to veer off course. Waterwheel- A fine example of Lorenz's basic principles dealing with Chaos.