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Amex - The American Stock Exchange, Inc.
bear - an investor who sells his stocks, and gambles on buying it back at a lower price.
bear market - a market where stock prices are falling, favoring a bear.
block trade - a transaction involving over 10,000 shares.
blue chip - the highest and best shares to buy. Comes from poker, where a blue chip is the most valuable.
broker - the person who can order stocks to be bought or sold.
bull - an investor who buys stocks, and gambles on selling it at a higher price.
bull market - a market where stock prices are rising, favoring a bull.
close - the final price of the stock at the end of the trading day.
closely held corporation - a corporation that only allows a few people to invest in it, such as friends and relatives.
commission - the profit that a broker gets every time you buy or sell a stock through him or her.
cyclical stock - a stock that tends to rise and fall with the economy.
dip - a drop in the price of a stock that is temporary, making it the ideal time to buy the stock.
discount brokers - a simple broker that only takes orders on buying and selling.
Dow Jones Average - a market indicator that averages 65 stocks in 3 different categories to determine how the market as a whole is doing.
fundamental analysis- a method of stock analysis based on the management of the company and past stock movements.
going public - when a company puts their stock up for sale.
gross - value before tax.
growth stocks - stocks that pay low dividends, but are expected to grow.
high - the highest price of the stock during the trading day.
home run - a referral to an investors large gain in a short period.
hostile takeover - a company or person that tries to buy a controlling amount of stocks in a company in order to control it. Usually this is not for the good of the company, and is similar to raiders.
hot stock - a stock whose price rises quickly the day it goes public.
income stocks - stocks that have consistently paid high dividends.
Initial Public Offering (IPO) - The formal name for going public.
limit order - an order that limits the price the broker can buy or sell at.
limit order to sell - an order to sell stocks only if they can be sold at a certain price.
low - the lowest price of the stock during the trading day.
market order - an order to buy or sell at the best price available.
market trend - the upward or downward movement of a market for six months or more.
NYSE - The New York Stock Exchange.
odd lot - an amount of stocks that is not the usual trading number.
portfolio - a collection of stocks that is owned by an investor.
privately held corporation - a corporation that allows only a select group of people to purchase stock.
proxy ballot - a voting ballot that allows you to control what happens with the company you have stock in.
publicly held corporation - a corporation that allows anyone in the public to purchase their stock.
raiders - a person or group of people that attempt to buy over 50% of the shares of a company in order to control the company by using the voting power of the stocks.
round lot - an amount of stocks that is the usual trading number, such as 100 on the NYSE.
SEC - Securities and Exchange Commission.
shareholder - a person who buys stock in a corporation, and therefore becomes a part-owner of the corporation.
stag - an investor who buys and sells stocks rapidly, usually to make profits quickly.
stock certificate - the actual piece of paper that is evidence of stock ownership, usually watermarked and patterned to make itself hard to forge.
stockbrokers - a broker that in addition to taking orders, also offers advice on investing.
stop order - an order to sell all stocks if the price of the stock drops to a certain point.
technical analysis - an analysis of a stocks future based strictly on numbers, such as earnings, sales, and assets.
tombstones - the advertisments that are put out when a company goes public.
white knight - a person or company that saves another company from an unwanted hostile takeover.
yo-yo stock - a stock with a price that often rises and often drops rapidly.
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