Bioethics is the process of the matters which occur biologically.
Biethics is the compound word with "bios" which represent life or something concerning life with "ethikos" which represent ethics or mores. Both words are traced from Greece. Biethical studyies have developed significantly in the United States. Bioethics purports to deal with the ethical and value issues that have been brought about by the rapid developments of science, technology, and biomedicine during the past fifteen years.
Bioethical issues are a serious concern for all of us living in an era of "Life-Manipulation". This is the reason why the new "supra-interdisciplinary" study of "Bioethics" deals with issues relating to all integrated aspects of life's beginning, ending and quality, compared to the too narrow segmentation and ramification trends of traditional academic disciplines dealing with human and life issues separately.
"Bioethics" is a result of the various human rights movements responding to the de-humanizeing phenomena caused by political, economiccal, technological, and biomedical problems emerging since the end of 1950s mainly in the U.S., Europe and some other places in the world. For example, these vorious human rights movements are civil liberty movement, woman's rights movement, student movement, and so on.
We are sure to long for knowing our future. Say, What should be the future of our life? How can we form a consensus about our future direction in scientific, technological and biomedical development?
It is sure that our future direction should be formed in the framework of public participation by having input from the lay-public and the experts in anticipating our "future image" of the world. In this sense, the supra-interdisciplinary study of bioethics and its public policy should be based upon the notion of "Anticipatory Democracy" as well as an action in "Participatory Democracy".