Japan History World History about 10 thousand years ago Pre-doki (earthenware) era B.C.6000 Jomon era (~about B.C.2000) B.C.5000 the Huang He civilization (~B.C.3000) B.C.3000 the Egypt civilization B.C.2300 the Indus civilization (~B.C.1800) early B.C.2000 the Yin dynasty; China (~B.C.1100) B.C.2000 the Kreta civilization (~B.C.1500) B.C.1600 the Mykenai civilization (~B.C.1100) B.C.1100 the Chou dynasty; China (~B.C.770) B.C.800 'polis' is formed in Greece B.C.770 Spring and Autumn period; China (~B.C.403) B.C.700 Assyria unites the Orient B.C.509 Republican Rome B.C.500 the Persian War; between Persia and Greece (~B.C.449) B.C.463 Warring States period; China (~B.C.221) B.C.431 the Peloponnesian War; Greece (~B.C.404) B.C.338 the battle of Chaeronea; Makedonia B.C.334 Alexander the Great invades the East (~B.C.324) B.C.264 the Punic war; Rome (~B.C.146) B.C.247 the First Emperor of Qin (~B.C.216) about B.C.2000 Yayoi era (~about A.D.300) B.C.133 the reformation of Marcus Licinius Crassus; Rome (~B.C.121) B.C.46 Gaius Julius Caesar rules as a dictator; Rome (~B.C.44) B.C.27 Octavianus; Rome (~A.D.14)
28 Jesus propagates Christianity (~B.C.30) 220 Three Kingdoms; China (~B.C.280) 330 the capital is transferred to Constantinople; Rome 350 The Yamato Imperial Court unites the country.
The king tried to show that he is still powerful after he dies, and constructs an old mound.
Culture of the continent such as Kanji (the Chinese character) and Confucianism is imported.
375 the Migration of Nations starts; Germany 395 Rome splits into the East and West 538 Buddhism is imported from Kudara (China). 587 Soga kills the Mononobe.
The Soga starts to get powerful.
593 Prince Shotoku becomes Sessho.
Itsukushima Shrine is built.
606 Hokki-ji is built. 607 Kenzui-shi, which are Japanese envoys, goes to Zui (China).
Horyu-ji temple is built.
Chugu-ji is built.
622 Hourin-ji is built. 630 Kenzui-shi changes to Kentoh-shi, which means that Japanese envoys go to Toh (China).
645 The Reformation of the Taika era.
Prince Nakano-oe and Nakatomi-no-kamatari kills Soga-no-iruka, which leads to the fall of the Soga.
663 In the Hakusuki-no-e war, the Japanese army loses badly against Toh (China). 669 Kohuku-ji temple is built. 672 Jinshin civil war. Prince Ooama kills Emperor Tenmu's son, Prince Otomo. 685 Hokki-ji temple is built. about 688 Yakushi-ji temple is built. before 698 Kamowake-ikazuchi Shrine is built. 710 The new law "Taiho Ritsyryo" is established.
Emperor Genmei moves the capital to Heijyo-kyo.
Kasuga Grand Shrine is built.
718 Gango-ji temple is built. 724 Emperor Shomu ascends the throne. His properties are kept in the Shoso-in. 731 Saiho-ji temple is built 740 Kamo-mioya Shrine (Shimo-gamo Shine) is built. 747 Todai-ji temple is built. 756 Emperor Shomu dies. 759 Toshodai-ji temple is built. 774 Kozan-ji temple is built. 788 Enryaku-ji temple > Saicho builds a thatched cottage 794 Emperor Kanmu transfers the capital and calls it Heian-kyo. 795 Kyo-o-gokoku-ji temple(To-ji temple) is built. 797 Sakanoue-no-Tamuramaro becomes the Seii Taishogun. 798 Kiyomizu-dera temple is built. 800 Ninna-ji temple is built. 805 Saicho returns and founds the Tendai-shu sect. 806 Kukai returns and founds the Shingon-shu sect. 858 Fujiwara-no-Mototsune becomes Sessho. 874 Daigo-ji temple is built. 882 Kiev Park; Russia (~1300) 884 Fujiwara-no-Mototsune becomes Kanpaku.
The Fujiwara family increases its power.
894 The Kentoshi system is finalized, by Sugawara-no-Michizane's idea. 905 Kokin-waka-shu (a collection of wakas) is made. 952 The five-storied pagoda is built on a flat land in Daigo-ji temple. 1000 Ujigami Shrine is built. 1016 Fujiwara-no-Michinaga becomes Sessho.
The Fujiwara family reaches its highest peek of prosper.
Makura-no-soshi is written by Seisho-nagon.
The Tale of Genji is written by Murasaki Shikibu.
1052 Byodo-in is built. 1053 Houo-do (Amida-do) is built in the Byodo-in which is now a national treasure. 1096 the First Crusade (~1099) 1156 Hogen civil war 1159 Heiji civil war 1160 Minamoto-no-Yoritomo is deported to Izu. 1167 Taira-no-Kiyomori becomes a Premier (Dajo minister) 1180 Minamoto-no-Yoritomo raises an army in Izu. 1185 In the Dan-no-ura civil war, the Heiji familiy is conquered. 1189 the Third Crusade (~1192) 1191 Eisai comes back and founds the Rinzai-shu sect. 1192 Minamoto-no-Yoritomo becomes the Seii Taishogun 1193 The Kamakura Shogunate is founded. 1200 Angkor Vat; Cambodia
Inca civilization; Andes (~1533)
1201 the Fourth Crusade (~1204) 1205 Shin Kokin-waka-shu is made. 1215 the Magna Carta; Great Britain 1221 Jokyu civil war.
The Shogunate and Imperial Court start to oppose against each other, and Rokuhara Tandai is set in Kyoto by the Shogunate to observe the Imperial Court.
1224 Shinran founds the Jodoshin-shu sect. 1255 Tenryu-ji temple is built. 1270 the seventh crusade 1272 Nishi Hongan-ji temple is built. 1281 The Mongol's invasion. 1299 Osman Turkey (~1922) 1331 Himeji-jo Palace is built 1333 Ashikaga Takauji and Nitta-Yoshisada conquer the Kamakura Shogunate. 1334 Kenmu-no-shinsei by Emperor Godaigo. (Kitayama culture) 1335 Ashikaga-Takauji raises his army against the Emperor.
The Imperial Court splits into the north and south.
1338 Ashikaga Takauji becomes the Seii Taishogun. 1339 100 Years' war (~1453) 1378 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu builds the Hana-no-gosho in Muromachi and moves there. 1392 Yoshimitsu unifies the Imperial Courts in the north and south. 1397 Yoshimitsu builds Rokuon-ji temple (Kinkaku-ji temple) in Kitayama.
At this time, Sado (the way of tea) and Kado (Japanese flower arrangement) becomes popular.
1404 Kango trade with Min (China) begins. 1438 Hapsburg family ascends the Throne hereditary; Germany 1450 Ryoan-ji temple is built as a villa for the nobles, and that year, becomes a Zen temple. 1455 the Wars of the Roses (~1485) 1467 Onin civil war breaks out.
Noh and Kyogen are completed at this time by Kan-ami and Ze-ami.
Renga (linked poems) also becomes popular.
1477 Onin civil war almost settles down.
The Shogunate, however, have already lost its power, and the confused age of Gekokujo (the lower dominating the upper) begins.
1482 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu builds the Silver Pavilion in Higashiyama. Suiboku-ga (black-and-white drawings) by Sesshu becomes popular. 1489 Jisho-ji temple (Ginkaku-ji) temple is built. 1492 Columbus discovers America 1498 Vasco Da Gama arrives in Calcutta 1517 the Reformation of Martin Luther 1519 Ferdinand Magellan's circumnavigation of the earth (~1522) 1534 the Society of Jesus forms 1543 Portuguese ships drift ashore on Tanega-shima island. Guns are introduced in Japan. 1549 Francisco Zavier comes to the shore of Kagoshima by a ship, and spreads Christianity. 1558 Queen Elizabeth I; Great Britain (~1603) 1568 Oda Nobunaga obeys Ashikaga Yoshiaki and goes up to the capital of Kyoto. 1573 Oda Nobunaga exiles Ashikaga Yoshiaki from Kyoto, and the Muromachi Shogunate falls.
Around this time, Sado (the way of tea), Sarugaku (an art of mimicry), and Renga (linked poems) become popular.
1576 Oda Nobunaga clears away enemies one after another and moves his residence to Azuchi-jo Palace. (Momoyama culture) 1582 An incident at Honnoh-ji occurs. Oda Nobunaga is attacked by his follower,
Akechi Mitsuhide and commits suicide.
His other follower Hashiba Hideyoshi subjugates Akechi Mitsuhide in order to avenge on his master.
1583 Osaka-jo Palace is completed. 1586 Hashiba Hideyoshi becomes a Premier (Dajo minister) and names himself Toyotomi Hideyoshi. 1590 Hideyoshi continues to succeed Nobunaga's will, and unifies the nation. 1591 Sen no Rikyu commits suicide. 1598 Toyotomi Hideyoshi dies. 1600 The Sekigahara battle occurs. East India Company; Great Britain 1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu becomes a Seii Taishogun.
Nijo-jo Palace is built by the Tokugawa Shogunate.
1612 The Tokugawa Shogunate prohibits Christianity. 1635 Tokugawa Shogunate closes the country from the world except for some areas.
From this, Japan's industry falls far behind the Western countries.
1642 the Puritan revolution; Great Britain 1649 Cromwell's republicanism 1682 Pyotr I; Russia (~1725) 1688 the Glorious Revolution; Great Britain (~1689) 1740 Maria Theresia; Austria (~1780) 1775 the War of Independence; America 1789 Washington becomes the first president; America 1814 Congress of Vienna (~1815) 1830 July Revolution 1848 the Parisian February Revolution, the Austrian March Revolution 1852 Napoleon ascends the throne 1853 Governor General of America, Perry visits the Uraga shore by ship. People seems surprised by seeing the steam ship for the first time. 1854 U.S.-Japan Peace Treaty is concluded. 1858 U.S.-Japan Amity Trade Treaty is concluded. 1861 Civil war; America (~1865) 1862 Bismarck becomes the chancellor 1867 The Tokugawa Shogunate restores the reins of the government to the Emperor.
The big command of the Restoration of Imperial Rule.
1868 Edo is renamed to Tokyo. 1869 The return of the land and people from the feudal lords to the Emperor.
Also, the two laws, "the equality of the four classes in the country", and "nobility and descendant of a Samurai" are established.
1871 The abolition of class and establishment of prefecture.
The mission of Iwakura Tomomi is sent to Europe.
the German Empire is formed 1885 Ito Hirofumi becomes the first Prime Minister of Japan. 1889 "The Constitution of Great Empire of Japan" is promulgated. 1894 The Sino-Japanese War begins. 1895 The Sino-Japanese War ends.
"The Treaty of Shimonoseki" is concluded.
1896 The Industrial Revolution. 1904 The Russo-Japanese War begins. 1905 The Russo-Japanese War ends.
"The Treaty of Portsmouth" is concluded.
1912 Emperor Meiji dies. the Republic of China forms 1913 the assassination in Sarajevo causes the World War I 1914 The entry of Japan in the World War I. 1919 the Paris Peace Conference 1920 Japan joins the League of Nations and becomes a permanent member. 1922 Stalin rules as a dictator; Russia (~1953) 1926 Emperor Taisho dies. 1929 the Great Depression 1931 The Manchurian Incident occurs. the Manchurian Incident; China 1932 Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi is assassinated on May 15th. 1933 Japan withdraws from the League of Nations. 1936 The assassination on February 26th. 1937 Chinese-Japanese War begins. the Chinese-Japanese war (~1945) 1939 The World War II begins. the World War II breaks out 1940 The triple military alliance is concluded by Japan, Germany, and Italy. 1941 Japanese forces attack Pearl Harbor.
The Pacific War begins.
1945 The Atomic Bomb hits Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Japan accepts the Potsdam Declaration.
The G.H.Q. orders the dissolution of the big financial combines and the farmland reform.
1946 Emperor Showa declares that he is a human being (because Emperors were gods before)
The Constitution of Japan is promulgated on November 3rd.
1947 The Constitution of Japan is enforced on May 3rd. 1948 The Far East Military Judgement is given a decision.
Tojo Hideki is put to death by hanging.
the founding of Israel 1949 the People's Republic of China is formed 1950 The Korean War begins. 1951 The San Francisco Peace Treaty is concluded.
Yoshida Shigeru signs the treaty.
1956 Japanese-Soviet Joint Declaration.
Japan joins the United Nations.
1964 The Tokyo Olympic is held. 1966 the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution; China (~1976) 1967 EC 1972 Okinawa is returned to Japan. 1978 Japan-China Peace and Friendship Treaty is concluded. 1980 the Iran-Iraq war 1993 EU