STATUS: Endangered without critical habitat.|
DESCRIPTION: Bird has jet black wings, tail, and "mask" over its eyees that stands out against its slate gray back and its white underside and rump. Reveals white wing patches and tail margins when in flight. It measures approximately 23 cm long.
HABITAT: Found only on San Clemente in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of southern California. Trees, shrubs, poles, fence posts, and rock outcrops provide elevated hunting perches. Nesting areas are concentrated at the island's southern end.
Present: Found only on San Dlemente Island-one of the Channel Islands located Los Angeles County.
THREATS AND/OR REASONS FOR DECLINE: Impoverishment of esland vegetation by wheep and cattle ranching; nesting habitat degradation by feral goats; predation
Historic: Same as above.
OTHER INFORMATION: Nicknamed "butcher bird" for practice of impaling or wedging their dead prey on twigs or dead branches to hold it as they feed or to store for later use. Mainly eat lizards, other birds, and small mammal, but also feed on insects and spiders. Courting begins in January. Nests are built form January to June. Males bring food to mates who incubate the clutch of 4 to 6 eggs. After 2 weeks they hatch and after about six weeks they can go out on their own.
Life on the Edge. Biosystems Books 1994. Santa Cruz, California