The ice-covered continent of Antarctica lies in the very bottom of our planet. |
The nearest neighbor is 1000 km away, the island of Tierra del Fuego in South America's most southern tip. It is 3500 km from Australia and 4000 km from Africa, making Antarctica the most isolated continent on Earth.
Antarctica is located mostly in the Antarctic Circle which is defined as the area south of 66 degrees 33'S. Here, the sun never sets or comes out of the horizon for at least a day every year.
As you near the South Pole, the period of them happening gets longer, and at 90 degrees S, the sun shines half of the year, and stays under the horizon for the rest.
Antarctica is bordered by the waters often known as the Antarctic Ocean(or Southern Ocean).
Here the southern parts of the Atlantic, Pacific, and the Indian oceans meet.
Scientists define the northern limit of the Antarctic Ocean near the center of the Antarctic Convergence.
This is a band of water, 40 km in width, where cold waters of the south meets the warm, saltier waters of the north at around 50 degrees S.
The total area of Antarctica is 14,000,000 square km, making it the third smallest continent beside Europe and Australia.
The amazing thing is, the waters of the Arctic Ocean covers just about the same area at the North Pole.
The continent and ocean having the same area in two opposite poles-- is it just a coincidence or a mystery yet to be solved?