North pole, South pole- No one would argue that they are the most chilled places on the Earth.|
But when you compare the two poles, which is colder?
The answer: Antarctica and the South pole.
Both poles share similarities.
They are both covered with ice, away from civilization, and of course, super-cold.
But the distinct difference between the North and the South is in their geography; the North pole is on a bed of water and the South on a continent with a pile of ice 3000 meters high.
Even though they both get equal amount of sunshine a year, the Arctic is much hotter because of the ocean.
Oceans heat up slower and cool down slower.
Land heats up faster yet cools down faster.
So in each ones winter (because of the hemispheres), Antarctica is already cool, while the Arctic is still cooling down.
Antarctica is approximately 30 degrees celsius colder than the Arctic.
In the North, the summers get up to 0 degrees celsius and in winter -30 degrees celsius .
But in Antarctica the summers are -30 degrees celsius and the winter -60 degrees celsius .
The difference in altitude and the amout of ice are also factors in their coldness match.
Higher the altitude, colder the air.
The South Pole is 2,835 meters above sea level on a vast ice plateau, where as the North Pole is on the water, altitude of 0 meters.
The amount of ice is much larger in the south, too. About 98% of the Earth's ice are in the polar regions, but 91% of it is found in Antarctica, making it the coldest place on earth.
Whether we're in the US, Japan, or the Sahara, more or less our climates are influenced by the Arctic Sea and Antarctica.
And since Antarctica is much colder than the Arctic, the Southern Hemisphere is also colder than the Northern.
When looking at places with the same latitude on the north and the south, the temperatures are much lower in the south.
At 54 degrees N, the region of Midland in Great Britain has citizens, forests, and farms.
Snow does fall in winter but glaciers do not exist.
On the other hand, in the island of South Georgia at 54 degrees S, is covered by glaciers and year-round ice down to the sea.