has a interesting hydrography in his Orient. The principals rivers, the
quantity of tributaries that feed his caudals, the marshes, bogs and continuous
inundations, the narrow land that separates his systems, everything shows
to the Orient like a zone where each manifestation of life or activity
depend of his water.
These considerations are of
vital importance for the future economy of the Republic
of Ecuador. The rivers help to incorporate new lands to the national
productivity slowly, but for sure.
Before, Ecuador didn't want
more lands because the governments thought that our country has lands in
abundance; the oriental increase didn't inspire so much to the people
and it was terrible for the national integrity.
The hydrographic system of
the Orient is formed by the rivers that born in the mountain range and
go to Atlantic. These rivers run over the Andes and participate
of his characteristics: Extremely broken land to incline to the east; the
rivers and brooks that cross their region are torrentia and form big falls.
Many ecuadorian rivers have his roots very far of the
mountain range and are formed in thel oriental plain.
Orient's rivers are so uncountables like the mountains,
mountains ranges, peaks, branches and hills.
Many others rivers born in the descent of the mountain
range and get together with others rivers down. Since Tiopullo's
knot until Tiocajas's
knot are the Pastaza's
break the oriental branch deeply and run until to drain in the Amazonas.
Many importans rivers cross the mountain range
and drain in oriental rivers.
Yanuncay, Gualaceo) Zamora
San Miguel river or Sucumbios flow
from Putumayo city
which is limiting with Colombia.
It is the first river in the Republic, it borns from the some volcanos:
Antizana, Sincholagua and Cotopaxi,
Quilindaña. It drains his caudal to 90
Km. down from Iquitos. Puerto Napo is to 1210 Km from Amazonas;
it has many flowings like: Curaray, Coca,
It runs to the east and receives the Payamino, Suno, Hollín,
Anzu, Arajuno, Aguano, Napotoa, Santa Rosa; it joins with the
Coca and change of direction to SouthEast until the Amazonas; It
is 1100 Km long.
It borns from the Chambo
river and the
Patate. It brokes the mountain range behind
the Tungurahua, then it receives to
the Bobonaza, that it quieter than the Napo. His principals
flowings are: Verde, Topo, Negro, Blanco, Suñac, Pindo y Bobonaza.
It borns in Cuenca in the lakes Quinuas, Cajas
and Culebrillas. It goes to the line South East South (SES) and
then changes to South South East (SSE), until join with the Zamora where
it takes his name. It drains in the Pongo
of Manserriche. His principals flowings
for the right are: Pucará, Yanuncay,
Quingeo, Gualaceo and Pan, Zamora, Rosario;
for the left are: Machángara, Azogues; for the south:
Yuracyacu, Guachapala, Pindilíg, Jordán; for the North
are: Yasuní, Sidcay, Porotos, Taday, Pindilíg, Santo Tomás,
It borns in the Oriental mountain range and his principals
flowings for the right are: Apatinoma,
Yana-yacu, Urinañuño, Uchic, Chalgua, Guachi, Mayarraga;
for the left: Itazuri, Arabisno, Tosani, Yanacu, Echicero, Cipanga,
Apianga, Atun-cocha, Puchanga.
His deep is of 10 to 20 m. (3 - 7 feets). It drains
to 605 Km from Yaravi.
His principals flowings are: Corrientes and Pucacuro.
It borns in the Zamora and Sabanilla's mountain range with the names of
Loyola and Sabanilla; they receive the name of Chinchipe
after. His principals flowings for the right are: Palanda, Yambanuma,
Isimánchi, Zumba, Cachillí, Chirinos, Chiripa y Manbelle;
for the left are: Nomballa, Verjel, Loyola San Francisco, Gamalotes,
Pucará, Pericos, Chito.
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