of Ignazio Silone
Wine and bread is the second novel written during the exile, and its published to Zurigo in the Adolf Saagers German translation with the title Brot und Wein in 1936; it was stamped by the fascist press as a coward defamation of the Italian people; but it was really, a book of testimony and denunciation. Pietro Spina is here the protagonist, whose figure coincides with the political agitator who appears at the end of Fontamara, for which Berardo is sacrificed. Pietro is a young intellectual man of bourgeois extraction, who has gone into exile because he has embraced a revolutionary ideology and looking for something else from the bread and the wine of his country. But now he has returned from abroad, sick and in conditions of danger, because the regime watches on this refugees. In Cardiles hut, his old classmate takes care of him, who now is a doctor and he looks for a setup in the regime. The two man have studied together under the guide of an old priest, Don Benedetto, who now is retired envoy because suspected by the political authorities. But Pietro has to left Cardiles hut to avoid suspicions and he disguised as a priest, he went to Pietrasecca, where he finds lodging in the Matalenas inn. There he meets Bianchina and he recovers her from a gotten infirmity. The poor Pietro lives in the town surrounded by the respect of peoplewho would to have religious performances, but he declares himself exempt from them because finding there for reasons of health, he cant practice any religious function. There he meets characters and families like Cristina, to whom he is tied with a deep communion of ideas and feelings. Pietro, who has taken on the name of Don Paolo Spada, has often to discuss political and moral themes, like the faith, the revolution, the justice, until he decides to take back contact with the revolutionary environment in Rome, with the help of Bianchina. He himself goes to Rome where he looks for a companion of political faith, the student Murica and he tries of to conduct him into Abruzzo. During the days of the Ethiopian war, he returnes to Fossa and he assists to a fascist assembly where the local authorities, amoung rhetorical discourses and luxurious lunches, they hymn to the war. In this occasion of public folly he writes on the walls "Down The War" " The Liberty Lives."