|FRANCIS BACHON (1561-1626) - an English philosopher - materialist. Bachon claimed that the matter is the fundament of everything. According to him nature could be acquainted only by experience, and consciousness and spirit are his consequences.|
JEAN JACK RUSSO (1712 - 1778) - a French philosopher. He took part in the publishment of "The Encyclopedia". He wrote "Of origin and reasons for inequality among people". One of the predecessors of the French revolution. He expressed the theory of equality among people as their natural right.
|EMANUEL CANT (1724 - 1804) - a German philosopher ,creator of the German classical idealism. He created the idealistic dialectics, developed later by Hegel. His philosophy unites science and religion, he raised moral, ethics and duty as basic human values.|
|GEORG FRIDRICH HEGEL (1770 - 1831) - a German philosopher, idealist. According to Hegel the reason of everything material is the absolute spirit - the consciousness, which in the beginning is self - developing and then it proceeds to his other form - the material nature.|
|CARL MARX (1818 - 1883) - a German philosopher - materialist of Jewish origin .He created the scientific communism. According to Marx's philosophy the matter and way of life define the consciousness and spirit of a person as well as the whole community.|
|ZIGMUND FREUD (1856 - 1930) - an Austrian psychologist, creator of psycho - analytic direction in psychology .in the fundament of the Freudism is the interpretation of the human behavior and community phenomena, like an act of subconscious inclinations and their conflict with the consciousness.|