|"The Convention on the Rights of the Child"||
Because the Convention on the Rights of the Child can be a bit complicated, we have decided to interpret it in order to make it easier to understand. To make it even easier we have indicated which articles are specifically relevant to the topics that we have described in these pages.
|The Convention on the
Rights of the Child:
1. A child is a person under the age of 18
2. All children have the rights that are described in this convention, regardless of colour, religion, culture, sex, etc.
3. The State must protect and preserve the well-being of the children in the best possible way.
4. This convention must not violated by the nations that have ratified it.
5. The State must respect the rights and responsibilities of parents to raise the child in a proper and satisfactory way.
6. All children have the right to live live and State has to ensure the child's survival and development.
7. The child has the right to a name and a nationality.
8. The State must help to secure the identity of the child. This includes name, nationality and family ties.
9. The child has the right to live with his or her parents as long as it is in the best interest of the child. When the parents are separated the child has the right to have contact with both parents.
10. If child and parents are separated, they have the right to be reunited no matter where in the world they are.
11. The state must take all precautions to avoid that children are kidnapped.
Photographer: Thomas Yde
12. The child has the right to express his
or her opinion freely. This opinion must be respected and taken account in matters
concerning the child.
13. The child has the right to seek and receive information and to form and express views and ideas.
14. The child has the right to freedom of thought and religion
Photographer: Jacob Holdt
|15. Children have a right to meet with others, and to join or form
16. Children have the right to a private and a family life.
17. The state must ensure that the child has access to reliable and relevant sources of information, such as TV, radio, newspaper, books, etc.
18. The State shall provide appropriate assistance to parents in the raising of the child if this is necessary.
19. The State must protect children from abuse and exploitation.
20. The State must take care of children who do not have a family, and make sure that they are raised in a way that corresponds to his or her cultural background.
21. Adoption must only take place if it is in the best interest of the child.
22. Refugee children must be protected and the State must co-operate with organizations that work with refugee children.
23. Disabled children must be helped as much as possible, for him or her to live as full and decent life as possible.
24. The child has the right to a healthy life and satisfaction of basic needs as food, clean water, medical aid, etc.
25. The State must make sure that children who are placed in institutions has the best possible conditions.
26. When possible the State must help children by the means of
social security and social insurance.
27. All children have the right to satisfactory living conditions.
28. The child has the right to receive proper education. The State has to offer free basic education for all children.
29. The aims of education shall be to develop the child's personality and talents, to prepare the child for participation in society and understand and respect his or her own as well as other cultural backgrounds.
30. Child have the right to enjoy their own culture and to practice their own religion and language, even though they belong to a cultural minority.
31. The child has the right to leisure, play and participation in cultural and artistic activities.
32. Children shall be protected from work that interferes with his or her education or development, or threatens his or her health.
33. Children shall be protected from the use, production and distribution of drugs
34. The State shall protect children from sexual exploitation and abuse, including prostitution and involvement in pornography.
35. The State must prevent all sale or trading of childre.
36. The State must protect children from all other kinds of abuse or exploitation.
37. Children shall be protected from torture and all other kinds of cruel punishment.
38. The State must ensure that no children under the age of 15 participate in armed conflicts.
39. The state must help and treat children who have become victims of armed conflicts, torture and other kinds of maltreatment.
40. The State must help children who are in conflict with the law, to be reintegrated in society. It also has to ensure that children receive proper legal assistance.
41. If any laws provide better protection of the child than this convention, these shall apply
42-54. The last twelve articles are about technical matters about the implementation of the convention.
All UN countries except Somalia and the USA have ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
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