He was the second president of the Commonwealth.
He was responsible for the rehabilitation of the Philippine government after the War.
He served on the staff of General Aguinaldo as a courier and a journalist.
In 1900, he started the newspaper El Nuevo Dia, which lasted for three years.
In 1903, after he passed the bar examination, he went to Cebu to serve as
legal assistant to the governor. At 25, he became fiscal officer.
In 1906, he became governor and gave up the position that same year to
run for the first National Assembly.
From 1917-1922, he was elected speaker.
From 1923-1935, he served as a senator.
In 1935, he was elected vice-president with Quezon as president.
He succeeded Quezon upon his death as president.
He retired as a statesman in Cebu.
He died at the age of 82.
Emilio Aguinaldo/ Manuel Quezon/ Joose P. Laurel/
Manuel Roxas/ Elpidio Quirino/ Ramon Magsaysay/ Carlos Garcia/
Diosdado Macapagal/ Ferdinand Marcos/ Corazon Aquino/
Fidel Ramos/ Joseph Estrada/