|An Antiwar Movement Timeline: 1960-1973
1960-1963 - These
four years were relatively quiet years, in terms for antiwar
activity. However, following the death of President Kennedy in
1963, an outgrowth of protests, demonstrations against the Vietnam War
started to arise throughout the nation. The Civil Rights
movement was in full strength by the end of 1963 and eventually led to
Congress passing the Civil Rights Act in 1964, guaranteeing equality
among all U.S. citizens. At this time, the Antiwar Movement was
merely in its infancy. No one ever suspected that a few
demonstrators would be able to turn this nation's involvement in a
war, rallying the public together to oppose the war in Vietnam.
1964-1967 - The years
between 1964-1967 marked major escalation of U.S. troops in
Vietnam. Following the Gulf of Tonkin incident, the U.S. had an
excuse to enter into the war, and to deploy land troops into
Vietnam. Antiwar protests being to take place throughout the
campuses as many began to wonder why the United States is involved in
this war. The Johnson administration takes an adamant
charge into Vietnam, committing hundreds of thousands of troops into
Despite growing public discontent, the Nixon administration refused to
give up the effort in Vietnam. Nixon, in a speech to the nation,
said "We cannot let the United States be humiliated..."
So the Vietnam effort continued. However, the antiwar movement,
at this time, was at its height. These dissenters, called the
"silent majority" refused to accept the U.S. involvement in
Vietnam. Under the pressure of these antiwar activists, a policy
of descalation took place, withdrawing American troops from
Vietnam. Eventually, a peace treaty was signed in 1973 declaring
the independent nations of South and North Vietnam.
Lens, Sidney, Vietnam: A
War on Two Fronts, New York: Lodestar Books, 1990.
Harry, Vietnam, San Diego: Lucent Books,
Wells, Tom, The War Within: America's Battle over Vietnam,
Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
Incomplete Antiwar Chronology (Illinois Mathematics and
Events of the 1960s (University of Toronto).