While the teach-ins began at the University of Michigan on March
24, 1965, they soon spread to other universities, capturing public
attention and putting pressure on those in government to listen to
what the people have to say. Most importantly, the teach-ins
were hoped to slow down further escalation in Vietnam.
teach-in movement was indeed one of the earliest manifestations of
antiwar protest, and one of the most non-violent. But other types of
protest grew through 1971, soon replacing the peaceful teach-ins.
These new types of protests included rallies and riots. At many
campuses, protests became violent when clashes between police and
students would occur, such as at the University of California,
Berkeley (seen at left and above).
The bold nature of these campus movements captured the attention of
the White House and the nation. On April 7, 1965, President Johnson
gave a major Vietnam address at Johns Hopkins University, in response
to the growing campus protest activity. The Johns Hopkins speech was
the first major example of the political impact of campus
The National Teach-In
The scattered teach-ins became a greater problem for President Johnson
when their organizers united under the Inter-University Committee for
a Public Hearing on Vietnam. This new committee organized a nationwide
teach-in to be broadcasted on television and radio, part of which
would be a debate between protesters and administrators of the
government. The strong impact of the national teach-in contributed to
the resignations of several government officials, including George
Bundy in early 1966. Indeed, the level of exposure given to this
well-publicized debate made the antiwar effort both more respectable
and more widespread.