A verbal charm. The incantation may be spoken or sung and usually embodies in the words of Polish British anthropologist Bronislaro Malinowski. The strangeness or unintelligibility of the words is believed to impart power. The words are often alliterative. They maybe intended to cure or create illness, promote or inhabit fertility, arouse or repel affliction or bring and drive away rain. A person such as a witch may have a paralyzing power-a maleficium (evil eye). In this sense, then, the spell is a paralyzing power exerted on a person without resource to words.
A spoken or written formula which, in the act of magic or divination, is intended to create or change a particular course of events. The belief in spells and their employment dates back to antiquity. Spells have become an integral part of various religious and magical practices. Their methods vary accordingly from culture to culture, but all spells function on ritual activity.
Spells are closely related to prayers, in that they both are a means of petitioning a deity or deities for a particular desired outcome, and which require the visualization of the goal, statement of desire for the goal and ritualized movements or body positions, such as the bowing of the head, the folding or clasping of hands, or shutting of the eyes, etc.
Spells are also closely related to the various methods of employing the powers of the mind, such as "creative visualization," "positive thing," and "positive imaging." Such methods help the one casting the spell to emphasize his mental images so he can better identify with these images and form a clear goal. The person repeats his intention to achieve the particular goal and combines it with the projection of his will and the invocation of the aid of the spirits, deities or Divine Force.
There are various types of spells. Some are beneficial while others are harmful. Some claim they may be worked on man and beast alike. Their purposes are limitless including healing, love, success, money, fertility, longevity, protection against disaster, illness, misfortune and evil, exorcism of ghosts and spirits, victory in war and over an enemy, truth in divination, weather control and accomplishment of supernatural feats. When casted against enemies spells may be used to bring about illness, destruction, loss of love, impotence, loss of property, failure and even death.
A person can cast a spell for himself, or direct it toward another person. A positive spell is called a blessing. A negative spell usually known as a hex or curse. Archaic terms for spells include bewitchment and enchantment.
A binding spell is on that is casted with the intention of preventing harm or disaster, or to stop someone from performing a particular act such as a murder or rape, or something as inoffensive as spreading gossip.