20th Century Russia
Russia has undergone many upheavals in the course of the century. It has moved from being a backward country with a huge empire ruled by a centuries-old monarchy to a Communist superpower which shaped world politics for decades until the Union collapsed and Russia became a post-industrial, post-modern nation, much weakened and struggling to achieve a semblance of its former glory.
In 1894, the coronation of Tsar Nicholas II was attended by so many of his subjects that a thousand of them were crushed to death. The Russian Empire covered over one-sixth of the worlds land but was one of the most backward in Europe. Decisions were all made by the Tsar before being acted on by a grindingly slow and complicated bureaucracy. Russian even followed the Julian calendar, which was 13 days behind the Gregorian one, which had been adopted by most of Europe since 1582.
Continue 1905: Growing Unrest
Sections under Russia:
The Collapse of Communism