April 4, Memphis, USA: Martin Luther King, Jr., US black civil rights leader
June 5, Los Angeles, USA: Robert F. Kennedy
Under pressure from the gay liberation movement, Canada and Germany decriminalised homosexual acts in 1969, following the lead of Britain, which had done so two years earlier. Australia and several US states soon followed as well.
Educational children’s show Sesame Street was launched in 1969. The show was an instant hit and the show’s cast of floppy, fluffy, furry Muppets, created by master puppeteer Jim Henson, became international TV stars.
Held: The three day Woodstock Music and Art fair was held on a farm in Bethel, New York State from 15-17 August 1969. Over 400,000 young people flocked to the festival and Woodstock eventually transmuted into a baby-boom legend.
|First Men on the Moon|
"That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind," Neil Armstrong summarised famously for the hundreds of millions of TV viewers back on earth as he became the first man to have stepped on the moon. On July 21, 1969, American astronaut Neil Armstrong stepped down from the Apollo 11 landing craft, the eagle and onto the surface of the moon, realising President John Kennedy’s 1961 pledge to put a man on the moon by the end of the 70s.
19 minutes later, Colonel Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin joined Armstrong on the surface of the moon. Walking carefully at first, the two lunar pioneers erected a U.S. flag. Soon growing comfortable to the moon’s gravitational field, six-times-lighter than earth’s, the Aldrin and Armstrong soon began leaping lightly across the moons’ cratered surface, delighting and amazing the earth-bound TV audience. Images of their playful bounds have since become one of the most enduring of the century, symbolising the spirit of exploration and amazing scientific applications.
The astronauts spent two hors taking pictures and collecting rock samples before returning to the lunar module and fastening the hatch. The moon walk was over. The two men spent a total of 21.5 hours on the moon before returning to the orbiting Apollo 11 command ship, piloted by Lieutenant Colonel Michael Collins. Having made their historical visit to the moon, fulfilling one of humanity’s age-old dreams, the three astronauts splashed down safely in the Pacific off Hawaii on July 24. This was the American space program’s greatest triumph.