Here you will find the timeline of the basic history of NASA and Space Exploration.
This timeline was taken from the book Throttle Up! (Official Book Of US Space Camp).
A famous English Franciscan monk, Roger Bacon, developed a method
to produce gun powder. Trying to keep it a secret, he wrote the formula in secret Latin
anagram. When translated it reads "...but of saltpeter take seven parts, five
of young hazel twigs, and five of sulfur; and so thou wilt call up thunder and
destruction, if thou know the art."
Sir Isaac Newton gained fame with his work Principia,
exploring the laws of motion and universal gravitation. In this his famous law, "For
every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction." NASA used this as the
underlying principle of rockets.
The village of Izhevskoye, Spassk Uyezd, Ryazan Gubernia welcomes
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky as a newborn baby. Later in life, Konstantin is the Father of
Cosmonautics in the USSR.
Oct. 5: Worcester, Massachusetts
Later dying "August 10th, 1945 in Baltimore" Robert
Hutchings Goddard is born. Later in his life, Robert becomes the Father of Rocketry
in the United States.
Hermann Julius Oberth who will become the Father of German
Rocketry is born in Magyszeben (now Sibiu) on the northern slopes in the Transylvanian
Doctor Wernher Vonbraun is born in Wirsitz Germany. Dr. Wernher is
considered to be the father of the American Space Program
Goddard achieves the worlds first flight of a liquid propellent rocket at
V-2 offensive against London is underway. On this date, the first
V-2 rocket with a one ton explosive warhead is launched. About 4,320 V-2's are
launched between September 6. 1944 and March 27, 1945. According to civil defense
records, of these about 1,120 are directed against London and its suburbs.
General Dornberger, Doctor Werhner Braugn, and other peeneunde official
surrender to the US 7th army.
Werhner Vonbraun and other leading German leading rocket engineers arrive
in the US under "Operation Paper Clip."
The first artificial satellite in the world is launched by the Soviet
Union: Sputnik 1.
US launches its first artificial satellite, Explorer I, in Cape
Canaveral by a Jupiter-C. It contained instrumentation outfitted to the satellite by
Dr. James A. Van Allen. During this mission, NASA discovered radiation
belts, now called the "Van Allen radiation belts" around our planet.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration or NASA is created in the
U.S. by the "Space Act"
Project Mercury is approved by NASA. Its goals were to
"send a man into orbit, investigate his capabilities and reactions in space and
return him safely to Earth."
The "Original Seven Astronauts" are selected for Project
First launch of a human being into space. The 108 min. orbit around Earth
was completed by Lt. Yuri Gagarin of the Soviet Union onboard Vostak 1.
First American Astronaut in space, onboard Freedom 7, it was 15 min. 22
seconds, and all missions were fulfilled.
The four hour, 55 minute, 23 second Earth Revolution, Mercury 6 capsule
named Friendship 7, completes three Earth Revolutions by Lt. John H. Glenn.
First space flight of a woman aboard the Soviet space craft, Vostok 6.
The worlds first space walk is performed by cosmonaut, Alexei A. Leonov.
The Spacewalk lasts 10 minutes.
Two-man Gemini 3 capsule is piloted by Lt.-Col. Virgil I. Grissom and the
Lt.-Cdr. John W. Young.
October 11 - 22
First manned flight of Apollo spacecraft.
NASA's Apollo 11 landed on the moon, making Neil Armstrong the first
man to ever step foot on the moon.
First launch of a satellite by Japan.
Peoples Republic of China launched an artificial satellite.
Launch of Explorer 42, a US built satellite by an Italian crew.
Launch of British satellite.
Convention held to discuss the damage caused by artificial space objects.
President Nixon and Soviet Premier Kosygin sign an agreement in Moscow
providing for cooperation in the peaceful exploration of space.
Launch of Skylab the first US Space station into orbit.
Launch of China III Military satellite.
Four Astronauts announced to fly space shuttle.
Indonesia uses Hughes Palapa (launched July 8th by NASA) for its
First flight test of the Space Shuttle Orbiter "Enterprise"
Due to decayed orbit skylab Space Station falls into Earth's atmosphere.
A moon treaty drawn up by the UN is ready for signing.
First flight of a Hungarian Cosmonaut
First manned test flight of shuttle Columbia.
Flight of the second woman in space.
First African-American male in space.
First use of the manned maneuvering unit.
First Woman to go on a space walk.
First US Female space walk.
The loss of Challenger and her crew.
Launch of space station MIR
STS-49 with the rescue of the Intelsat-VI satellite results in first three
First female African American and Japanese to fly aboard US Space Craft, and first
married couple in space.
The Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission had five scheduled EVA's. The
most space walks ever conducted by the US on one mission. Everything went