century, few could have possibly imagined the
possibility of being able to put a few cells into
a petri-dish full of nutrients and watch it grow
into a full organ.
Therefore, when people lost
the use of their organs, through disease or otherwise, death was quick to come.
However, a dedicated
scientists before the war envisioned the
possibility of using mechanical implements to
substitute the organ, or at least until it was
functioning once more. His name was Willem Kolff.
Today, the field of
[biomedical engineering] (also called 'bionics')
encompasses [dialysis] machines, heart-lung
machines, artificial livers and the such.
Along similar lines, the
field of prosthetics has also grown, from simple
hooks and wooden pegs, to myo-electric arms
capable of lifting a sizable load.
It is hoped that with these
artificial substitutes, that people may live more
or less normal lives - something not even dreamt
of, a century ago.
Initial Artificial Heart
New Artificial Hearts
Challenges to Artificial