|T h e M a m m o t h F
a u n a .
mammoths trunk, as well as at other elephants, is a long nose grown together with the
upper lip. It consists of a set of longitudinal and ring muscles covered with transversal
tucks of a thick skin. Due to them the trunk can be contracted and stretched, and also
twisted as snake. There are a very sensitive folds Ė sprouts on itís end. As against
elephants the mammoth trunk was covered with a wool and itís end sprouts were longer.
The trunk substituted to a mammoth for a hand, it could do the most diverse movements: to
lift from ground different subjects, to pinch a grass and leaves, to tear off bark, to
grasp and to curve small trees. A mammoth had a very short neck, and he could not lower it
up to ground to pull out a grass. Without a trunk a mammoths could not to eat. A mammoth
had drunk with the help of a trunk too. He gathered in a nose holes a water (up to 10
liters for once), and then poured out it in a mouth.