Trying to learn about music can get a little hairy if you don't
know what some of those weird terms mean. We've compiled a little
glossary that should help explain some commonly used terms that
might cause confusion.
Bow: A long curved wooden rod attached to taut
horsehair. It produces the sound when drawn across the strings.
Bridge: A white colored wooden spacer that keeps
the strings elevated above the fingerboard.
Chord: A set of harmonic tones played
simultaneously as a group.
Dynamics: Variances in loudness or softness.
Ensemble: Any group where musicians play together.
It can be an entire orchestra or a small chamber music group.
Fingerboard: The ebony or rosewood piece of wood
on which the fingers are placed to change the length of the string
on a stringed instrument.
Homophony: Music with a solo melodic part,
accompanied by one or more parts of harmony.
Pegs: The black rods in the scroll of a stringed
instrument around which the strings are wound.
Polyphony: Music with multiple lines of melody
playing at once. This is different from homophony, which normally
has only line of melody with supporting harmony.
Scroll: The very top of a stringed instrument
where the pegs are located.
Solo: A musician playing by himself or
Strings: Long metal cords that produce sound when
the bow is drawn across them. A string player can vary the pitch of
the sound produced by lengthening or shortening the string with
Tailpiece: A section of wood at the very bottom of
a stringed instrument to which the strings are attached.