An Introduction to Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence, or AI for short, is a combination of computer science,
physiology, and philosophy. AI is a broad topic, consisting
of different fields, from machine vision to expert systems. The element that
the fields of AI have in common is the creation of machines that can "think".
In order to classify machines as "thinking", it is necessary to define
intelligence. To what degree does intelligence consist of, for example, solving complex
problems, or making generalizations and relationships? And what about perception
and comprehension? Research into the areas of learning, of language, and of
sensory perception have aided scientists in building intelligent machines. One
of the most challenging approaches facing experts
is building systems that mimic the behavior of the human brain, made up of billions
of neurons, and arguably the most complex matter in the universe. Perhaps
the best way to gauge the intelligence of a machine is British computer
scientist Alan Turing's test. He stated that a computer would
deserves to be called intelligent if it could deceive a human into believing that
it was human.
Artificial Intelligence has come a long way from its early roots, driven by
dedicated researchers. The beginnings of AI reach back before electronics,
to philosophers and mathematicians such as Boole and others
theorizing on principles that were used as the foundation of AI Logic. AI really
began to intrigue researchers with the invention of the computer in 1943.
The technology was finally available, or so it seemed, to simulate intelligent behavior. Over the next
four decades, despite many stumbling blocks, AI has grown from a dozen researchers, to thousands of
engineers and specialists; and from programs capable of playing checkers, to
systems designed to diagnose disease.
AI has always been on the pioneering end of computer science. Advanced-level computer
languages, as well as computer interfaces and word-processors owe their existence
to the research into artificial intelligence. The theory and insights brought about by AI research will set
the trend in the future of computing. The products available today are only bits and pieces of what are soon to follow,
but they are a movement towards the future of artificial intelligence. The advancements
in the quest for artificial intelligence have, and will continue to affect our
jobs, our education, and our lives.
[ HOME ][ Basics | History | Approaches | Applications | Interactive | People | Links | Messages | Programs]