Alexander the Great - 4th centuray Macodenian king who ruled an empire strectching from Greece to India. Father Phillip of Maceodonia conquered Greece. At age 21, Alexander took the throne and boldly attacked the Persian empire under Darius III and won his empire.
Alexandria - Upon his conquering of Egypt, Alexandar the Great commissioned the building of a new city there. The result of his plans was a grand and well planned city that would be the envy of the Mediterranian world boasting beautiful palaces, a huge lighthouse and a great library.
Augusti - Term originally given to Octavion. Later title given to all new emperors.
Caesar - Orginally the name of Julius Caesar. Later a title given to the emperors chosen heir.
Cicero - A famous senator and Orator during the late republic.He believed in the stability of the perfect Roman republic and was later killed by Mark Antony upon the initiation of the Second Triumverant.
Cloaca Maxima - The Cloaca Maxima was the chief drainage system for the city of Rome.
First Triumverant - A political party in which Julius Caesar,Pompey and Crassus joined together to rule the failing Roman republic jointly.
Ides of March - The fifteenth day of March and the day that famous assination of Julius Caesar by the conspirators ,Brutus and Cassius, took place.
Pax Romana - A long period from Augstus to Marcus Aurelius when the Roman empire was stable and relativly peaceful. The rulers from this period were generally good and just. The direct English translation is" Roman Peace.
Princeps - Also known as first citizen,Princeps was the title Augstus took upon his rise to power(and would be used by many of his sucessors). This term made the chief distinction from the word "king" because, unlike a king, the princeps was not above the people but instead was just the "first citizen" who left the real power to the senate.In actual fact, the princeps held all power and the senate just had the appearance of real power.
Ptolemy - Upon the death of Alexandar the Great, his kingdom (which included Egypt) was broken up and was ruled by Alexandar's chief generals. General Ptolemy was a close friend of Alexandar and, upon his death, took control of Egypt. For over three hundred years, Egypt would be ruled by the Greek Ptolemy's until the conquoring of Egypt by the Romans and the downfall of the last Egyptian Pharoah, Cleopatra.
Rubicon - A stream in central Italy.
Secular Games - Games that Augustus Caesar put pn fourteen years into his reign to
signify the comming of a new era and the end of war for Rome
Sibyl of Cumae - Ths Sibyl of Cumae was a famous Roman oracle who, as legend has
it, wrote a series of books that prophecized the history of Roman civilization.
Tiber River - The chief river that runs through the city of Rome.
Veto - A veto is when a person or a group hs the power to reject or forbid a
certain bill,law or measure even if it has passes lesser legistlation