- Conservative Judaism: This began in the mid-nineteenth century as a reation against the Reform movement. It is a main-line movement midway between Reform and Orthodox.
- Humanistic Judaism: This is a very small group, mainly composed of atheists and agnostics, who regard mankind as the measure of all things.
- Orthodox Judaism: This is the oldest and most conservative of the Jewish religion. They view their religion as close to its orginal forms as possible. This group loks upon every word of their sacred texts as being divinly inspired.
- Reconstructist Judaism: This is a new, small, liberal movement started by Mordecai Kaplan as an attempt to unify and revitalize the religion. They reject the concept that Jews are a uniquely favored and chosen people.
- Reform Judaism: A liberal group, the largest of all the divisions (about 70%), Started in Germany in the 1790's in Germany. They follow the ethical laws of Judaism, but leave it up to the individual the decision whether to follow or ignore the dietary and other traditional laws.