- God is the creator of all that exists; he is one, incorporeal, and he alone is to be worshiped as absolute ruler of the universe.
- The whole of the Torah was revealed to Moses by God. It will not be changed or augmented in the future.
- God also communicates to the Jewish people through prophets.
- God monitors the activites of humans; he rewards individuals for good deeds and punishes evil.
- Jewish belief does not follow the Christian concept of original sin (the belief that all people have inherited Adam and Eve's sin when they disobyed God's instructions in the Garden of Eden). Judaism affirims the inherent goodness of their lives and draw closer to God by fulfilling mitzvot (divine commandments). No savior is needed as an intermediary.
- The Jews are God's chosen people
- The 613 commandments found in Leviticus and other books regulate all aspects of Jewish life.
- The Ten commandments, as delineated in Exodus 20: 1-17 and Deuteronomy 5: 6-21, form a brief synopsis of the Law.
- The Messiah (anoited one of God) will arrive in the future and gather Jews once more into the land of Isreal. There will be a general resurrection of the dead at that time. The Jerusalem Temple, destroyed in 70 CE, will be rebuilt.
- Boys reach the state of Bar Mitzvah on their 13th birthday; firls reach Bat Mitzvah on their 12th birthday. This means that theyare recognized as adults and are personally responsible to follow the Jewish commandments and laws; they are allowed to lead a religious service' the are counted in a "minyan" (a quota necessary to perform certain parts of religious services); they can sign contracts: they can testify in religious courts; theroretically, they can marry, although the Talmud recommends 18-24 as the proper age for marriage.