(Arable Farming System)
Small holdings are now the main form of agriculture in some TRF countries. e.g. In West Africa, a total of 80% of the economically active population is engaged in small holding subsistence farming of various kinds.
3 major groups of crops grown:
B. Impact of small-holding on the Landscape
Since the farm implements are primitive, and the population pressure on the land is not too great, small holdings do not have too much destructive effect on the landscape.
The more noticeable effects include clearing of forests along the more accessible sites such as along the major rivers and soil erosion induced by the cultivation of upland rice on steep slopes
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