The Romans had many gods and goddesses. Most of these were the same ones
that the ancient Greeks worshipped, except that they had different names. Here are some of
the main gods and goddesses in Roman mythology:
Jupiter: Jupiter was the king of the gods. He threw down thunderbolts to earth when
he was angry. Because of this, it's not surprising the largest planet in the solar system
was named after him.
Juno: Juno was the wife of Jupiter, therefore, the queen of the gods. In some Roman
stories, Juno seemed unpleasant. She was often bad tempered and was jealous of the other
Mercury: Mercury was the messenger of the gods. He wore winged sandals on his feet
and could fly through the air extremely fast.
Venus: Venus was the goddess of beauty
Apollo: Apollo was the god of the sun. He is usually pictured flying across the sky
in a golden chariot drawn by white horses.
Diana: Diana was the goddess of the hunt and the protector of wild animals. She
always carried a bow and a quiver full of arrows. She was also the goddess of the moon.
She was the twin brother of Apollo.
Minerva: Minerva was the goddess of wisdom. She was also goddess of the arts and
the protector of towns.
Neptune: Neptune was the god of the seas. He always carried a trident with him.
Vulcan: Vulcan was the god of fire. He was also the blacksmith of the gods. His
forge was deep under ground.
Pluto: Pluto was the ruler of the underworld. Everyone who died went to Pluto's
Vesta: Vesta was the goddess of the hearth. The hearth was a very important part of
the home, therefore she was really the goddess of the home. The vestal virgins would keep
fires burning as a way of worshipping Vesta.
Saturn: Saturn was the god of agriculture and the harvest. Saturday was named after
These were the main gods and goddesses of Roman mythology.
Here are some of the other gods:
Juventas: goddess of youth
Somnus: god of sleep
goddess of the