The fish eyes the sponge
It seems such easy prey
But the turtle is much wiser
It knows to turn away
they happen to be so primitive, would seem to
be subjected to severe predation by more advanced
species. However, such is not the case. Nature
has compensated for the disadvantages of the rudimentary
sponges by bestowing advanced protection systems.
In fact, porifera have only a paucity of natural
predators. Their predators include certain species
fish, sea slugs, and hawks bills turtles. A more
maximal quantity of micro-organisms have adapted
to benefit from the intricate systems of protection.
Within the walls of a porifera, almost sixteen
thouand divserified species of plankton, shrimp,
and other minute organisms may reside. Many of
these receive food that the sponge filters and
does not need to retain. Also, they may complement
the capabilities of the sponge to obtain sustanence.
In addition, various fascinating properties of
sponges have promoted their position as an integral
component of coral reefs. In addition, the compounds
implemented in the protection of a sponge are
currently being utilized for scientific research.
And believe it or not-it could mean a cure for
cancer. However, letís resume the topic at hand.
Below is a description of the two primary types
of sponge protection:
1) Barb systems-
Sharp spicules ward off any potential predators
that decide to take a bite out of a sponge. Itís
like having a porcupine inside your mouth. Not
to mention, it is noted that sponges taste extremely
2) Toxic warfare-
Sponges secrete all forms of toxic chemicals.
Such toxins can even cause humans to have skin
irritations. If you ever happen to come into contact
with a sponge demonstrating such properties, follow
this procedure to efficiently relieve the problem:
How to Relieve Sponge
1) Mix a solution
of vinegar and water. It should be about 5% vinegar
and 95% water. Soak your skin in it for about
ten to fifteen minutes. Use a gauze pad to apply.
Then, dry your skin.
2) Using adhesive
tape ( place the sticky side on your skin), remove
any spicules. Simply, put the tape on your skin
3) Soak your skin
in vinegar again for five minutes.
4) This should do
the job, but if the irritation persists or worsens,
see your physician.