With the Doping check in specialized laboratories urine - for some international federations also blood - of selected sportsmen is examined for forbidden active substances. The proof of such active substances has disciplinary consequences for the concerning. The right of each individual sportsman to a fair match is to be protected by Doping checks.
Who is checked?
With national and international matches rank or users will become drawn lots or however the sportsmen directly determined. With top-class sportsmen also checks are possible outside of the match, so-called training checks: The sportsman becomes (within max. 36 Std.) as a check quantities the check takes place without advance notice, e.g. during training stocks or a cadre kaderzusammenzugs - " on the spot ". Sportsmen, who fall under this regulation, are informed about it. Width sportsmen are excluded from Doping checks.
Who is responsible for the checks?
For the Dopingkontrollen both national and international federations and organizations are responsible. In Switzerland the SLS monitors the execution of the Dopingkontrollen. Its commission Dopingbekaempfung determines, how many match checks of which federations are to be executed and at which matches are controlled. The commission is besides responsible for determining the sportsmen, with which training checks are executed. It alone is responsible for training checks.
Who executes the checks?
For checks with matches and unangekuendigten training checks are responsible for testers of the most diverse sport federations. They were trained for executing by Dopingkontrollen. The testers can prove themselves by an authentication card. For training checks with advance notice are in Switzerland besides several regional centers, like court-medical institutes and cantonal hospitals, accordingly instructed and equipped to take urine samples.
What occurs with the urine samples?
The urine samples (with each sportsman one a-rehearses and a b-sample) are transmitted for investigation on forbidden substances to a laboratory recognized by the IOC. In Switzerland this is the UAD in Lausanne. There the a-sample is examined. The b-sample is kept frozen for a possible Nachtest - secondary analysis -.
Are urine samples before manipulations safe?
The control material was developed particularly for Dopingproben. Everything is fresh from the factory and can be used only once. The bottles with the samples are locked with a patented special cover, which is destroyed when opening. The code number is engraved with laser in the glass and is also on the inside of the catch. The feed in the laboratory takes place as special transmission. The laboratory knows only the code number; the sportsman remains anonymous.
Are results of laboratory how safe?
Laboratories, which may analyze for the SLS Dopingproben, are subordinated to the strict quality requirements of the IOC. These laboratories are constantly checked by the IOC. Who does not fulfill the request, the permission loses.
What occurs, if a forbidden substance is found?
In the a-sample if forbidden substances are found, the result is positive. The SLS informs the Dopingverantwortlichen of the responsible federation about the result. This informs the sportsman. With training checks the sportsman is informed directly by the SLS. The sportsman concerned can require a secondary analysis in writing within 7 days on the basis the b-sample.
It has the right, in company of an expert and/or trusted its selection of the analysis of the b-sample to attend. If this secondary analysis results in a negative result, then the Dopingkontrolle is considered as negative. With the b-sample however if the result of the a-sample is acknowledged, then the Dopingkontrolle is considered as positive. On possible sanctions the federation or the punishing authority of the SLS responsible for the sportsman decides.
The sportsman has the right to beforehand belonged and into the investig.