||China in Chaos (1967)|
China in Chaos
The criticism against "reactionary bourgeois authorities" drove uncountable party leaders into the battle of criticism and, once beaten, confined to rob them of their rights. Consequently Party and government organisations couldn't work and social order had dropped into chaos. But Lin Biao, Jiang Qing, and the other members were not satisfied with even such a condition. They made plausible excuses to create a lot of subsequent troubles.
Criticism against "Traitor"
From March and April in 1967, a campaign to expose traitors and revolutionary criticism began. They named many old revolutionaries "traitor", encouraging Red Guards to beat them. It was the overthrow of Liu Shaoqi that the most important aim. Lin Biao and Jiang Qing condemned him, saying that he had had prisoners released in 1936 against Mao's instructions.
First Lin Biao and Jiang Qing organised a special group to invent past incidents. And they used media coverage to insert the criticism against Liu Shaoqi on paper, by which they encouraged people to take part in the campaign of revolutionary criticism. Liu got angry against the many invented criticisms and protested, but it was not accepted. Liu had already lost even his right to plead. And the aim of the criticism was also turned against his wife, Wang Guangmei. She was criticised for her clothes when she visited a foreign country with Liu, and an experience of having been to the United States was seen as capitalist-roader.
Lin Baio, Jiang Qing and the other members of the Cultural Revolution Authorities brought many historical problems to the fore again, made up stories, and tried to rob Party leader's of their rights by inventing false charges against them. Although such a movement occurred in Beijing, it rapidly spread all over China. Its target was expanded, and the means of defeating leaders got crueller. And they not only displayed slogans, but also used real weapons.