Bambuti pygmies are the smallest people in the world, with the Bambuti men only 4.5 feet (1.4 m) tall. They are a group of natives from the forests of Zaire and Congo in west Africa. Baka pygmies belong to the same group as the Bambuti and also live in the forests of central africa. Their short bodies help them to lose heat from their bodies and hunt more effectively. These pigmies live in large, extended families with each one having between twenty and two-hundred members. In addition to hunting, they are skilled gatherers.
For hunting, they use bows and arrows and usually hunt for antelopes, monkeys, rodents, and the like. In these hunts, the whole family participates in the hunt. When the hunt is over, they return to their huts, built from tree sapling and leaves, and cook the meat. As for gathering, they gather fruits, nuts, berries, palm, shoots, and honey in the forests. Because these tribal people have lived in the rainforests for thousands of years, they have gathered detailed information about certain useful plants and species that they should avoid. Through their remarkable knowledge of the tropical rainforest that they live in, the pygmies have learned how to efficiently use its resources and therefore, to preserve their homeland, the tropical rainforests of Africa.
The largest, uncultured tribe in all of the Americas are the Yanomamo from central Brazil in South America. Like the pygmies, they are skilled hunters and gatherers. In the past, they hunted with the traditional bow and arrow; however, having mingled with the outside society, they now use rifles to hunt. As for gathering, their primary food are bananas, edible lianas, and pulp from seed pods.
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