Geographical lying and characteristics
Many people are speculating the heights of Tibet. An old Tibetan legend says
Tibet was once at the bottom of the sea. Everything was one big ocean except
the areas where now the woods are. This is one of the reasons you can find so
many kinds of vegetation and animals.
Once there came five dragons out of the sea, they ruined all the vegetation. Then there came five pink clouds which changed in five good fairy's. All the animals begged the fairy's to stay with them and so they did.
They told the sea to retreat, and changed the east into thick forests, the west into fertile ground, the south into beautiful gardens and the north into grass fields. The fairy's changed into the five highest mountains of the Himalayas . (Himalayas means residence of the snow) The Qomolangma is the highest mountain, and is also called the Mount Everest. The inhabitants call her the Goddessmountain''.
This legend squares with the fact Tibet probably has been part of an ocean. There has been found fossils of two ichthyosaurs, these lived on the bottom of the sea and ate molluscs. In the east of Tibet, in the province Chamdo there was found the fossil of a dinosaur in 1976. This means that the sea probably has been fallen back and there raised a mountainous area with marshes and lakes. There has been a warm and moist climate.
After decades the lakes dried up and the area came upwards. That's why fossils are found of slugs and shells. The rising took millions of years and it's still going on. It's rising about 1 or 2 centimeters a year. The rising of the Tibetan Plateau is because it's situated on the border of two layers. The India's - Australian layer and the Euraziatic layer. Those layers pushed each other up. So there was formed the Tibetan Plateau. Those layers are also the cause of the possibilities of earthquakes.
Mountains surround Tibet. The Tanggula range is to the north, the Himalayas to the south, the Henduan Mountains to the east, the Kunlun Mountains to the west, and the Nyainqentanglha and Kangdese ranges in the centre. The youngest, yet highest mountain range is the Himalayas, which continues for 2,400 km from east to west and has a width of 200 -300 km north to south. There are 50+ peaks rising over 7,000 meters above sea level each and 11 peaks that has elevations over 8,000 meters. Here the world's highest peak is found. Qomolangma rises 8,848.13 meters. The world's fourth largest peak is also found here. Lozi rises 8,501 meters. The world's fifth highest peak is 8,470 meters and is called Markalu. The seventh highest peak is Qowowuyang at 8,153 meters. Xixabangma rises to 8,012 meters. Before the Chinese invasion Tibet was bounded on the North by China, on the South by Nepal and on the East and West by British India.
Nowadays Tibet is incorporated by China. China is bounded by Mongolia, Russia, Kazachstan, Kirgizie, Tadzjikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Birma, Laos, Vietnam and North-Korea. Tibet is a Chinese region called Xizang.
In January the Temperature in Tibet is between 0 °C and 10 °C. The average precipitation is less then 25 mm. In June the Temperature is around the 30 °C. The average precipitation is still less then 25 mm.
The Density of population in Tibet is less then 1 inhabitant a square kilometer.