China and Tibet
The Chinese occupation
After years of unrest in China it became really a country after the foundation of the people's republic with the communist Mao Tse Toeng as the leader. Not long after that the government announced they wanted to set free their neighbours Taiwan and Tibet. At that time Tibet was govern by a governor, because the Dalai Lama wasn't old enough yet to rule the county. The original governor, Reting Rinpoche was just deprived of his function because of corruption. Also the next governor Taktra Rinpoche allowed corruption, this resulted to a few days of violence.
Unfortunately this was at the same time as the renewed hunger after power. So Tibet was not good prepared against the Chinese attacks. Tibet was a peace-loving country that hated to fight, they had an army, but that was so bad that it couldn't do anything against the Red Chinese army. They also didn't get any help of the united Nations because they had been isolated for so long.
One part of the red 'rescue-army' went to East-Tibet. There they conquered the city Dengkok. Here Tibet had her only victory. Lots of Khampa'sset free the city. Soon after that a much bigger part of their army reconquered Dengkok and Chamdo. This started at 7 October of 1950. The governor of this region, Ngabo decided to surrender, without permission of Lhasa.
In spite of the protest of India they continued going to Lhasa at the end of 1951. Now the Tibetan government saw the gravity of the situation. They asked help from the Gadong oracle. He said the Dalai Lama had to be king now. So Tenzin Gyatso became when he was 15 years old, at 17 November 1950 the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet. In spite of this Tibet was occupied by China, after thousands people were killed.
The Chinese occupation
According to the Chinese's they only wanted to help modernising, but soon it was clear this was only for self-interest. They wanted to destroy the Tibetan language, culture and religion and so have the nation in their power. The first famine came because of the many Chinese soldiers came to Tibet. Further there was no country who wanted to help Tibet, in spite of all the horribleness that revealed. Ultimate the Dalai Lama decided to fly from Tibet and live in banishment in India.
Now the Tibetans get awake of everything that was going. The oppressors were attacked, but they were lots stronger and soon all revolt was knocked down. Now the destroying of the culture, language and religion really started. The Tibetans were discriminated openly and the human rights were infringed more and more. When the Red Guards came to Tibet, there were rows between several Chinese parties, but especially the Tibetans were the victims.
People who didn't accept the situation in their country were brought to prisons, Buddhism writings, fresco's and sacred buildings were destroyed and fired, religious writings were used as toilet-paper, nuns and monks were constrained to trampled down sacred objects, they had to beat each other when someone didn't want to join, traditional plaits were cut off, everything Tibetans was ruined. People had to beat their family, dig their own grave, women were raped and pregnant women had to had an abortion. People were tortured in prisons or put in concentration camps. And this is just a little part of all the cruelties.
When the situations was stabilised, the Chinese's wanted the Tibetans to cultivate wheat because they like that better then barley. But the Tibetans got bad muck and the climate was not fit for cultivating wheat. When they didn't had enough they were punished. Meanwhile they continued destroying the culture and torturing in concentration camps.
In the eighties there was almost nothing left of the Tibetan culture and nature. Also American satellites established there was a Chinese rocket basis placed in Tibet Also nowadays Tibet is an occupied country, where the Tibetan nation is the minority. The original faith is allowed again and one third of the cloisters is rebuild. The oppressing is on a bureaucratic level now. Monks have to sign documents so they affirm they are faithful to the regime, they have to go to a re-education curse, some religious leaders are spines. For normal people it's not allowed to criticise the regime.