Dinh Dynasty (968 AD - 980 AD)
by Ch'ng Yaohong
The most powerful of the twelve feudal lords, Dinh Bo Linh, reunified
the fragmented country under the name of Dai Co Viet and took
the imperial title of Dinh Tien Hoang De (The First August Emperor
Dinh). Well aware of the Chinese Song Dynasty's military might,
Dinh Bo Linh negotiated a non-aggression treaty in exchange for
tributes payable to the Chinese every three years. This set the
foundation of future relations with China that were to last for
On a domestic front, Dinh Tien Hoang established
a royal court and a hierarchy of civil and military servants.
A rigorous justice system was instated, and death penalties were
used as a deterrent to all who threatened the new order in the
kingdom. He organised a regular army divided into ten dao,
or military corps. Security and order progressively re-established,
inaugurating a new era of thai binh(peace). The economy was based
on agriculture but handicrafts were also encouraged. Many working
sites opened in Hoa Lu for weapon making, weaving, minting, ship-building
et cetera. Many palaces and pagodas were constructed in that time.
The basic unit of Dinh society was village, in which the land
was common property that peasants could rent. They paid tax and
was responsible to fulfil their duties toward the King. Education
was not developed. Most of the literate persons were Buddhist
monks and they were the advisors for the court and the common
However, Tien Hoang's reign was not to last long.
He was assassinated in 979 by a palace guard. His younger son,
Dinh Toan, succeeded the throne at a tender age of six.
-Au Lac Dynasty
-Tien Le Dynasty