Considered to be the father of modern day fluid dynamics, Ludwig Prandtl
was the first to conceive the idea of a boundary layer. Prandtl was born
in Germany in 1875, and went on to Munich to study mechanical engineering.
Soon after Prandtl became a professor at the University of Hanover where
he worked to create a sound theoretical basis for fluid dynamics. In
1904, he was romanced by the University of Gottingen where he first came
up with the idea of a boundary layer, perhaps the greatest single
discovery in fluid dynamics today.
The theory of boundary layers, discussed in greater detail in the fluid
dynamics section, relates the movement of an object through a fluid.
Especially in air, the theory of a boundary layer confines all of the
frictional interaction to a thin skin of air near the surface of the object.