misconceptions arise from a lack of knowledge. Most
people do not understand he basic principles of cloning, and are
likely to make rash generalizations about whether cloning
is natural or not. Other misconceptions focus on the
societal problems resulting from cloning. Many of these
misconceptions are only valid in a society without
regulations or laws of any kind. People forget that along
with new technological developments come rules and
guidelines to prevent the kind of scenarios here. Each
misconception results from a distortion of the truth,
which is presented here with each incorrect belief.
clone would not be a normal human:
the methods of production are, a clone would be as
"human" as an identical twin. Both are
derived from a single fertilized egg.
is "playing God":
does not create life, as this stigma implies. Cloning
merely produces life from existing life. Cloning can
be thought of as an extension of procedures like in-vitro fertilization.
is not a natural process:
utilizes elements that already exist in the natural
reproduction process. Embryo cloning pulls apart a
zygote at the two-cell stage and
creates two one-celled organisms. Although some might
say that cloning is not an intended form of
reproduction, the same might be said of in-vitro
fertilization, and the use of fertility drugs.
clone will not have a soul:
implies that the soul is a quantifiable physical
element of someones genetic makeup that can be
altered or taken away. In this case, cloning does not
present more of a religious problem than identical
twins. Despite them being identical, it is agreed
that both twins have souls.
clone will have the same feelings and emotions as its
overused example of this idea is a Hitler clone
starting a new Holocaust. While genes and genetic
structure can give certain characteristics and
possibly basic emotional tendencies, environment and
upbringing play a much larger role in shaping
someones emotions and outlook. A Hitler clone
that had been raised in the United States and had
lived in a period of stability and prosperity would
not act the same way as a Hitler raised in Germany
living amongst post-war devastation and hatred.
could own a clone:
cloning is being considered as a future infertility
remedy, and essentially, a clone would be
"made" for the parents, no one could own a
clone. Ownership of a clone would be no different
than slavery. People that predict a massive working
underclass produced from cloning forget that despite
the methods of their birth, clones would carry the
same rights as a person produced through normal
unconscious clone could be produced to supply organs:
being morally questionable, producing a clone with no
self-awareness requires a deeper knowledge of where
the consciousness resides. Consciousness is not a
certain trait that can be erased through genetics, and there is
no isolated DNA that determines
its existence. Furthermore, just proving that a clone
is not self-aware would be difficult. People with
debilitating neurological disorders may appear
mentally incapacitated but retain full consciousness.
However, researchers have theorized the possibility
of cloning only certain organs to use as replacements
for an individual in dire need of a transplant.
Scientists believe that if the cells of an organ have
the same genetic make up as those of the host
organism, the organ would be much less likely to be
rejected after a transplant.
individuals of the past could be re-born:
current techniques to clone an adult cell use the
method of nuclear transfer, which requires the donor
cell to be alive. In this process a LIVE adult adult
cell it fused with an egg cell or it's nucleus is
extracted and inserted into the egg. At this time,
and most likely far into the future, clones of dead
organisms can not be created. Also, even if such an
individual is cloned, the development of the person
is largely dependent upon its upbringing and
childhood surroundings. Just as a theoretical Hitler
clone would most likely not grow up to start a new
Holocaust, an Einstein clone would probably not
become a world renowned physicist.
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1998 by team 24355 and Kayotic Development.