WHEN LIFE GENERATES DEATH (LEGALLY)
INTERNATIONAL PACT ABOUT CIVIL AND POLITIC RIGHTS
In the International pact about civil and politic rights, accepted by the United Nations Assembly on 16th December 1966 and come in force on 23rd March 1976, concept of respect of the life right affirmed in the Universal declaration of human rights is deepened.
Here's what the 6th article says:
Though this article doesn't specific which are the "heaviest" crimes, it's clear that this law wants to reduce the actuation of death penalty.
- The life right is inherent to the human person. This right must be protected by the law. Nobody can be arbitrary deprived of the life.
- In the States where death penalty is still in use, a death sentence can be pronunced only for the heaviest crimes, attending the laws that were on when the crime was committed and only if it isn't against the disposition of the Pact or the Convenction for the prevenction and the punishment of the murder of a whole people. This penalty can be executed only after the final condemnation, done by a competent court.
- When the death penalty constitutes the crime of the murder of a whole people, no State member of this Pact is authorized by this Pact to shatter the law of Convention for the prevention and the punishment of the murder of a whole people.
- All death sentenced people can ask mercy or the commutation of the pain. Amnesty, mercy or commutation of the penalty can be conceded to anyone.
- A death sentence can't be pronunced for crimes committed by people under 18 and can't be applied for pregnant women.
- No disposition of this article can be appealed to delay or to prevent the abolition of death penalty by a State member of this Pact.