Largest Buddhist temple in the world
Built between 778 - 850 AD
Located in central Java, Indonesia
Constructed using 57,000 cubic metres of volcanic stone
Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in the world. This temple was built in central Java, Indonesia and constructed between about AD 778 and 850, under the Sailendra dynasty. The Borobudur monument combines the symbolic forms of the stupa, the temple mountain, and the mandala. Indian Gupta and post-Gupta art influence the style of Borobudur. Borobudur has a total of 1460 panels, each 2 meters wide, and had a total number of 504 statues of Buddha.. Borobudur was apparently neglected from about 1000 and overgrown with vegetation. The temple had undergone restoration from 1905 to 1910, and the last restoration was done in 1973 to 1983.
Built with about 2,000,000 cubic feet (57,000 cubic m) of grey volcanic stone, Borobudur encloses a small hill and is shaped like a stepped pyramid. The base and the first five terraces being square and the higher three terraces being circular. The highest centre, 103 feet (31.5 m) above the base consists of a large individual stupa. Each of the terraces represents the individual stages toward perfection in a person's life; the pilgrim's walk takes one around the monument nine times (reflecting the mystic number of nine in Buddhism) before reaching the top. There are four stairways, one on each side, leading up to the top.