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By far the most popular music
after 1955 was rock music, which was at first called Rock 'n' Roll.
This music had its beginnings in the Blues and Jazz-influenced vocal music
popular among African-American audiences after World War II. The country
Blues traditions of the South were further influential sources of rock
music. In the 1970s long rock songs, usually at fast tempos and with skipping
rhythms became known as disco music. The popularity of Rock was
the main reason that phonograph records became a billion dollar business
in 1967. Among the performers who helped to boost the popular record sales
in the 1970s were Rod Stewart, Elton John, Al Green and Steive Wonder.
Another type of Rock music is
Punk Rock. The main feature of this was its lyrics - despairing,
violent condemnations of the dishonesty of the British ruling class. Punk
also made a sleazy fashion statement - torn clothes and garishly colored
hair, with razor blades and safety pins for decoration.
Heavy metal is another very loud style of rock. It features guitars, with their sounds distorted by fuzz-tone devices and techniques that make their amplifiers screech.